AUTHOR : 오유정,문혁준
INFORMATION : page. 69~87 / 2014 Vol.21 No.3
The purpose of this study was to analyze personal variables (self-esteem, emotional intelligence) and institution variables(institutional psychological nurturing environment, interaction with local community) associated with institutionalized children's school life adjustment and to provide data that can be used to help the school life adjustment of institutionalized children. The participants comprised 136 elementary school children in the 4th, 5th and 6th grades who lived in a school's child care institute located in Seoul and Gyeong-gi. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, post-hoc analysis(Duncan), Pearson correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows. First, girls had higher degrees of school life adjustment than the boys. Moreover, institutionalized children who had lived for longer periods in an institution had higher school life adjustment levels than other children. Second, the relationship between the factors showed that a higher degree of self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and the existence of a positive institutional psychological nurturing environment, and active interaction with the local community was associated with a higher level of school life adjustment. Third, the strongest predictor of school life adjustment of institutionalized children was the variable of ‘relationships between members’ of institutional psychological nurturing environment of institution. These results suggest that various variables be considered to nurture institutionalized children.