AUTHOR : 문은식
INFORMATION : page. 23~36 / 2014 Vol.21 No.2
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships between perceived parents' parenting attitudes, attachment to peers, self-esteem, and depression levels in middle school students. Data were harvested from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2010, and were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling (SEM). The results indicated that the model was appropriate in terms of goodness of fit and significant path based on the validation procedure. The results of the study were as follows: First, two exogenous (parenting attitudes, peer attachment) and one endogenous (self-esteem) variables had direct and indirect influences on middle school students' depression levels via three pathways, and the predictive power for the total variance of depression was 65%. Additionally, their self-esteem had a full mediating effect on the relationship between parents' parenting styles, peer attachment, and levels of depression. Second, for the total effect, the most contributive variable to their depression was self-esteem. The next most influential contributive variables were parenting attitudes and peer attachment. These findings will provide a basic framework for the structural understanding of middle school students' depression, and for the development of the intervention strategies to cope with their depression.