Relationships among Middle-Aged Dysfunctional Attitudes, Empathy and Interpersonal Problems: Adjusted Mediating Effect of Emotional Self-Opening
AUTHOR : 서은숙, 이주희
INFORMATION : page. 165~188 / 2022 Vol.29 No.2
This study examines whether empathy plays a mediating role in the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and interpersonal problems in middle-aged adults, and examines the moderating effect verification method to find how much this mediating effect changes with emotional self-opening. The subjects were 478 middle-aged adult men and women, and the dysfunctional attitude, empathy ability, emotional self-opening, and interpersonal problem scale were used as measurement tools. A positive correlation was found between interpersonal problems and dysfunctional attitudes of middle-aged adults, and a negative correlation was found between empathy ability, emotional self-opening and interpersonal problems. The mediating effect of empathy ability between dysfunctional attitudes and interpersonal problems was significant. The moderating effect of emotional self-opening was significant between empathy ability and interpersonal relationship problems. The moderated mediating effect of emotional self-opening on the mediating effect of empathy ability between dysfunctional attitude and interpersonal problems was significant. To reduce interpersonal problems according to the characteristics of dysfunctional attitudes, we confirmed that it could be more effective when considering the empathy ability of middle-aged adults and emotional self-opening. To reduce interpersonal problems according to the characteristics of dysfunctional attitudes, we confirmed that it could be more effective when considering the empathy ability of middle-aged adults and emotional self-opening. The above research results are expected to be used as basic data for effective counseling approaches and psychotherapy interventions on interpersonal problems of middle-aged adults.