A Meta-Analysis of Variables Related to Protective Factors of Peer Harassment Defending Behavior in South Korea and Foreign Countries
AUTHOR : 권지웅, 박종효
INFORMATION : page. 1~34 / 2022 Vol.29 No.2
This study aims to analyze the effect size (ES) of variables related to defending behavior and the moderating effect of study locations (domestic vs. foreign). A series of meta-analyses were conducted for 111 studies 70 domestic and 41 foreign studies including peer-harassment articles and master’s and doctoral theses were analyzed. The research participants were primary and secondary school students. The manuscripts were published from 2009 to 2021 in South Korea, and 2007 to 2021 in foreign countries. The total ES of domestic research was larger than that of foreign research. A moderating effect of study location was found, such that domestic studies reflected a descending order of individual, school, and peers, whereas foreign studies had an order of individual, peers, and school in terms of ES. Within the domestic studies, individuals showed a large ES, whereas the ES was medium for schools and peers. However, within the foreign studies, individuals and peers showed medium ES, whereas the ES was small for a school. Self-efficiency and self-regulation in the individual factors, peer status in the peer factors, and the teacher–student relationship in the school factors showed the highest ES, respectively, across the domestic and foreign studies. The current study demonstrates similarities and differences in defending behaviors between domestic and foreign research and can serve as the basis for future research on defending behavior.