The Effect of COVID-19 on Daily Life Perceived by College Students on Their Depression, Anxiety, and Stress: Sequential Mediating Effects of Psychological Well-Being and Cognitive Flexibility
AUTHOR : 안혜령, 홍예지
INFORMATION : page. 101~126 / 2022 Vol.29 No.1
The purpose of this study is to examine whether the effects of COVID-19 on daily life perceived by college students on their depression, anxiety, and stress are mediated by their psychological well-being and cognitive flexibility, and whether the two have sequential mediating effects. An online survey consisting of self-report scale items was conducted for 297 college students nationwide. The final collected 297 data were analyzed using with SPSS 22.0 and SPSS Process macro ver. 3.5. The main results are as follows. First, the mediating effect of psychological well-being on the effects of COVID-19 perceived by college students on depression, anxiety, and stress was statistically significant. Second, the sequential mediating effect of psychological well-being and cognitive flexibility in the relationship between their perception of the impact of COVID-19 and depression, anxiety, and stress was statistically significant. This study confirmed that the high level of perception of college students about the impact of COVID-19 negatively affects psychological well-being and sequentially negatively affects cognitive flexibility, which can lead to an increase in depression, anxiety, and stress. This study has implications for supporting university students experiencing COVID-19 to maintain a healthy and self-fulfilling life based on personal psychological and cognitive positive capital.