The Relationship between Self-Concept Clarity and Failure Tolerance among Unemployed Young Adults: The Mediation Effects of Intolerance of Uncertainty and Social Comparison Orientation
AUTHOR : 김다혜, 양수진
INFORMATION : page. 59~86 / 2021 Vol.28 No.3
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between self-concept clarity and failure tolerance and whether intolerance of uncertainty and social comparison orientation mediate the relationship. To this end, an online self-report survey was conducted with 350 unemployed young adults aged 21-29 who have been engaging in an active search for jobs (128 males and 222 females). Descriptive statistics indicated significant differences by both gender and job preparation period. Women and long-term job seekers were more vulnerable to failure and its associated negative psychological characteristics. When process macro (v3.4) was applied for mediation analyses, both single and double mediation models of intolerance of uncertainty and social comparison orientation were confirmed, respectively, thus explaining the relationship between self-concept clarity and failure tolerance. The study suggests that for job seekers to develop tolerance for failure, not only clear belief in themselves but also abilities to endure uncertain situations and to compare less with others are required. These findings will help provide insights on how to intervene in reducing the psychological distress of young people preparing for employment.