Relational Reasoning Ability of South Korean School-Age Students: Use of the Test of Relational Reasoning (TORR)
AUTHOR : 채수은
INFORMATION : page. 1~20 / 2021 Vol.28 No.3
This study explores how the recently developed Test of Relational Reasoning (TORR) performs in different age groups of South Korean elementary, middle, and high school students. TORR was applied to South Korean adolescents and analyzed using repeated measure ANOVAs and differential item functioning techniques. As a result of conducting TORR on 749 adolescents enrolled in elementary school grade 4 (N = 196) and grade 6 (N = 200), middle school grade 2 (N = 206), and high school grade 1 (N = 146) in Gangwon-do (6th grade: 105 boys (52.5%), middle school 2 grade: 81 boys (39.32%), and high school 1: 63 boys (43.15%)), we found that relational reasoning test performances tended to increase as the students’ grade level increased. However, there were differences in the patterns of change in scores according to grade levels for each of the four relational reasoning forms. While the antinomy and antithesis scores were significantly different between elementary grade 6 and middle grade 2, analogy and anomaly scale scores were significantly different between elementary grades 4 and 6. As a result of this study, the existing reasoning research centering on analogical reasoning should be expanded to incorporate various formats.