A Comparative Study on the Constructive Beliefs and Mathematical Attitudes about Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Korean and Chinese Early Childhood Teachers
AUTHOR : 박기문, 김지현
INFORMATION : page. 47~77 / 2020 Vol.27 No.3
We studied how the relative influence of the constructive beliefs and mathematical attitudes of teachers in the two countries affects MPCK. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted with a total of 300 teachers in the education centers and kindergartens in a metropolitan area in Korean and 150 teachers at kindergartens in Shandong Province, China. The data analysis was conducted with SPSS 22.0 program by t-tests, partial correlation assessments, and a stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results of this study are as follows. First, there were no significant differences in the constructive beliefs between Korean and Chinese teachers, and the mathematical attitude and the MPCK, of Korean teachers were lower than those of Chinese teachers. Second, the MOCK of Korean and Chinese teachers was generally influenced by the order of their constructive beliefs and mathematical attitudes. However, for the Korean teachers, the degree of their interest in mathematics was second only to their constructive beliefs, whereas, for the Chinese teachers, their motivation to engage in math is second to their constructive beliefs. These results can serve as basic data for the development of teacher education programs that take into consideration, constructive beliefs and mathematical attitudes for fostering MPCK in Korean and Chinese teachers.