AUTHOR : 어영란, 김영희
INFORMATION : page. 95~118 / 2020 Vol.27 No.2
This study attempts to identify the relationship between middle-aged women s unstable adult attachment (attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance), psychological well-being, pain history, and active coping, and to verify the mediating effects of pain endurance and active coping from the relationship between unstable adult attachment and psychological well-being. For this purpose, the study used data collected from online and offline surveys for 415 middle-aged women in their 40s to 60s residing in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do, and analyzed the data using structural equation modeling. The main results are as follows. First, the direct effect of attachment anxiety on psychological well-being, pain endurance, and active coping and the direct effect of attachment avoidance on psychological well-being and active coping were found to be negatively significant. Additionally, the path from pain endurance to psychological well-being and the path from active coping to psychological well-being were found to be positively significant. Second, pain endurance and active coping correspondingly, mediated the relationship between attachment anxiety and psychological well-being. Third, the mediating effect of active coping was found to be significant in the relationship between attachment avoidance and psychological well-being. The results of this study are significant in that they confirmed the importance of the growth-oriented intervention of pain endurance and active coping to improve the psychological well-being of middle-aged women with unstable adult attachment. In addition, this study suggested the need for differentiated counseling intervention considering two attachment dimension characteristics to transform attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance through active coping to psychological well-being.