A multi-group analysis of smartphone dependency based on a structural relations analysis and gender in terms of negative parenting behaviors perceived by middle school students, grit, and academic enthusiasm
AUTHOR : 권미나, 이진숙
INFORMATION : page. 29~44 / 2020 Vol.27 No.2
The purpose of this study was to identify effects of negative parenting behaviors on smartphone dependency of middle school students, using grit and academic enthusiasm as mediating factors, and to verify differences in structural models according to gender. The subjects were 2,541 first grade middle school students who participated in the collection of the Korean Children & Youth Panel(2018). An analysis of structural equation modeling was conducted to clarify the structural relationship between related variables. A multi-group analysis was also performed to verify differences between groups according to gender. The results of the study are as follows. First, the negative parenting behaviors and the students’ grit directly affected smartphone dependency, while academic enthusiasm did not. Negative parenting behaviors indirectly affect smartphone dependency through the students’ grit. Second, the multi-group analysis based on gender showed that the negative parenting behaviors affected smartphone dependency through grit in both groups of male and female students, indicating that no differences in courses according to gender. However, the influence of grit on smartphone dependency was found to be higher in male students than in female students. Based on the results, this study provided an intervention to prevent and reduce problems from smartphone dependency in middle school students.