Identifying Latent Classes of the Parenting Efficacy Changes Among Mothers Having Children In An Elementary School Transition and Testing Antecedents and Consequences of the Classes
AUTHOR : 정정화, 홍예지, 이강이
INFORMATION : page. 115~138 / 2019 Vol.26 No.4
The purpose of this study was to identify the latent classes of the parenting efficacy changes among mothers having children in an elementary school transition and to test the effects of antecedents and consequences on them. To achieve these goals, a growth mixture model (GMM) was devised, using a questionnaire involving 289 mothers from the Korean version of the Parenting Participation Panel Study. The results are summarized as follows. First, changes of the mother’s parenting efficacy could be categorized into three latent classes: a low-level stable group, a rapid decreasing group, and a mid-high-level stable group. Second, mothers’ self-schema capacity, social capacity, psychological expectations for their children’s education, and informational support were significant antecedents of the latent classes. Third, regarding the children’s school adjustment according to the mothers’ parenting efficacy changes, group differences were suggested, specifically a low-level stable group versus a mid-high-level stable group, and a rapid decreasing group versus a mid-high-level stable group. These findings identified individual differences of parenting efficacy changes among mothers having children in an elementary school transition, and have further implications regarding the necessity of parenting efficacy support for such individuals.