Exploring Rumination in childhood: On Parental Conflict, Parenting Style, and Social Anxiety
AUTHOR : 김수정, 정윤경
INFORMATION : page. 59~76 / 2019 Vol.26 No.2
The purpose of the study was to investigate the variables related to rumination in late childhood and to explore direct and the indirect relationships among these variables. The participants consisted of 267 children who are fourth year in elementary school. Each child completed questionnaires containing items on perceptions of parental conflicts, perceptions of parenting style, social anxiety and rumination. The results of a correlational analysis revealed that perceptions of parental conflicts were highly correlated with parenting style high in rejection and control as well as with social anxiety. In addition, perceptions of parental conflicts were closely related to rumination. A parenting style high in rejection and control was also related to social anxiety and rumination. Social anxiety was positively correlated with rumination. The results of the structural equation model devised for this study showed that children's perceptions of parental conflicts significantly influenced a parenting style high in rejection and control as well as social anxiety, whereas this variable did not influence rumination. Both a parenting style high in rejection and control and social anxiety had significant effects on rumination. The results here suggest that perceptions of parental conflicts influence rumination in children and that this relationship is mediated by both social anxiety and parenting style.