The Effect of Mesosystem on Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Sense of Community
AUTHOR : 한세영, 유설희
INFORMATION : page. 69~89 / 2019 Vol.26 No.1
The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the mesosystem on adolescents’ subjective well-being and the mediating effect of sense of community, using the 2017 survey on the Korean Child-Youth Well-Being Index. A total of 5,050 adolescents(2,472 boys and 2,578 girls) were included and all variables were assessed with adolescents self-reports. The correlation coefficients between the variables were measured using SPSS 23.0 and the data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling(SEM) using AMOS 23.0. The adolescents’ mesosystem affected their subjective well-being directly, as well as indirectly through their sense of community. Positive relations with the mesosystem enabled the adolescents to improve their subjective well-being. In addition, those adolescents who perceived higher levels of the mesosystem were more likely to feel that they belong to the community, which led to higher overall levels of happiness and satisfaction in their lives. These findings have implications for research and practice by emphasizing the crucial influences of the mesosystem and the sense of community on adolescents’ subjective well-being. Also, the results suggest that in order to improve the subjective well-being of adolescents in the counseling and education field, it is necessary to focus on the positive perception of the community, activating communication among the members of the community, and forming a positive relationship.