The Effects of Autobiographical Memory on Self-Concept: The Psychological Distance of Self-Esteem Memory
AUTHOR : 김영경, 김혜리
INFORMATION : page. 27~47 / 2019 Vol.26 No.1
This study investigated the themes of self-esteem memories and the relationships between memory quality, age of memory, participant age, self-esteem and psychological distance of memories. Self-esteem memory means the memory representing especially high and low moments about oneself. The participants were 37 young adults(12 males and 25 females) and 34 older adults(11 males and 23 females). They were asked to test cognitive ability, self-esteem and depression, and recalled four positive and four negative self-esteem memories and rated the qualities of each memory. The content analysis showed that positive and negative self-esteem memories of younger adults frequently focused on interpersonal themes rather than achievement themes and only negative self-esteem memories of older adults frequently focused on interpersonal themes. These findings reflect the collectivistic character of South Korea and compensation of ability decline by aging. The regression analysis also showed that while frequency of rehearsal, novelty and age of memory predicted the psychological distance of memories in the positive memories of young adults and valence, vividness and self-esteem predicted in the negative memories of young adults, only the importance of events predicted the psychological distance of memories in positive memories of older adults. These findings suggest that predicting variables of psychological distance are simplified by aging.