The Effects of Temperamental Dimensions and Maternal Parenting Stress and Parenting Behavior on Externalizing Problem Behavior in Preschoolers
AUTHOR : 윤지원,도현심
INFORMATION : page. 51~77 / 2018 Vol.25 No.2
This study explored both direct and indirect effects of temperamental dimensions such as adaptability,
regularity, and activity on preschoolers’ externalizing problem behavior through maternal parenting stress
and parenting behavior. A total of 155 mothers of 3- to 4-year-olds participated in the study that were
drawn from the 2010 Child and Family Study, a project supported by the National Research Foundation
of Korea. Data were collected by means of questionnaires, and were analyzed by path analyses using SPSS
PROCESS macro v2.16. The results are summarized as follows: First, regularity and activity had negative
and positive effects on externalizing problem behavior, respectively. Second, adaptability and regularity had
negative effects but activity had a positive effect on externalizing problem behavior through parenting
stress. Third, activity had a positive effect on externalizing problem behavior through parenting behavior.
Finally, adaptability and regularity had negative effects but activity had a positive effect on externalizing
problem behavior sequentially through parenting stress and behavior. This study emphasizes the importance
of child rearing-related variables such as parenting stress and behavior, and differential influences of each
temperamental dimension on those parenting variables and externalizing problem behavior.