AUTHOR : 김소연,김선미,김보영,양은주
INFORMATION : page. 195~223 / 2015 Vol.22 No.1
The study investigated the relationship between post-traumatic psychological maladjustment and coping strategies with meta-analyses. A total of 17 studies including participants with traumatic experiences were analyzed. The coping strategies were categorized by two distinctive classification systems, approach-avoidance copings and behavior/problem-cognition/emotion oriented copings. Psychological maladjustment was represented by depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. The analyses yielded that avoidance coping was positively related to psychological maladjustment, but approach coping was not significantly related. Behavior/problem oriented coping was associated with depression and anxiety, and cognition/emotion oriented coping had a positive relationship with anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. When considering these two classification systems together, both behavior/problem oriented-avoidance coping and cognition/emotion oriented-avoidance coping were positively related to psychological maladjustment. However, behavior/problem oriented-approach coping was not associated with any type of psychological maladjustment, and cognition/emotion oriented-approach coping was positively related only to anxiety. This result implies that avoidance coping is closely related to psychological maladjustment and the decrease in the use of avoidance coping would be an important task in the psychological intervention for trauma.