AUTHOR : 김수정,곽금주
INFORMATION : page. 1~7 / 2016 Vol.23 No.4
The purpose of this study was to investigate the developmental changes of children’s resilience from first grade to fourth grade and the effects of these developmental changes on fourth grade children’s social competence. The participants comprised about 300 pairs of seven year-old children and their mothers. The resilience of children and their mothers were repeatedly measured for four years once every year and children’s social competence was measured at fourth grade. Latent growth modeling was used to investigate the developmental changes of resilience and the effects of the developmental changes of resilience on fourth grade children’s social competence. According to the results, there were individual differences in children’s resilience in the first grade. The rates of change in the four years of children’s resilience were statistically significant and the differences in this rate of change were observed. Next, the children’s resilience in the first grade positively influenced their social competence’s subdivisions such as sociability, social participation, initiativeness and popularity in the fourth grade, but did not have an effect on interpersonal adjustment. The rates of change in children’s resilience for four years did not have an effect on any of the subdivisions of social competence. This finding suggests that children’s resilience in the first grade can help their social adjustment afterward.