The Korean Journal of Human Development

pISSN : 1226-4474

Bidirectional Associations between Male and Female Adolescents’ Mobile Phone Dependency and Self-Esteem

AUTHOR : 홍예지,이순형

INFORMATION : page. 221~241 / 2016 Vol.23 No.3


The purpose of this study was to examine the bidirectional relationship between mobile phone dependency (MPD) and self-esteem (SE) of South Korean male and female adolescents in the seventh, ninth, and eleventh grades, while accounting for gender differences. The study used panel data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS), and three waves of data from 2,327 adolescents were analyzed by means of autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. The results can be summarized as follows. First, MPD and SE were consistently stable for adolescents in the seventh, ninth, and eleventh grades. Second, there was a significant influence of adolescents’ high level of SE on the subsequent low level of MPD. However, there was no significant influence of their high level of MPD on the subsequent low level of SE across time. According to the multi-group analysis, no gender differences were found in the relationship between the two constructs during the study period. These findings suggest that special efforts of enhancing adolescents’ levels of self-esteem are definitely necessary in order to prevent their high levels of mobile phone dependency. Based on the results, implications were also discussed.

Ⅰ. 서 론

Ⅱ. 연구방법

Ⅲ. 결과 및 해석

Ⅳ. 논의 및 결론


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domestic violence experience 상호작용효과 self-esteem cooperativeness Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - Third Edition 가정생활교육

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