AUTHOR : 임정하,강현지,박선혜,윤상희,최정원
INFORMATION : page. 95~112 / 2016 Vol.23 No.1
This study examined the effects of temperament and mother's reactions to negative emotions on adolescent's difficulties in emotion regulation. The sample consisted of 379 students from middle and high schools in the Seoul area. Using questionnaires, temperament, difficulties of emotion regulation and mother’s reaction to negative emotions were reported by adolescent. The data were analyzed using t-tests, Pearson's correlations and hierarchical regression analyses. The major findings were as follows. First, boys showed a higher level of rigidity than girls. Mothers of boys showed more oversensitive-reactions to negative emotions than mothers of girls. Second, rigidity, persistency, activity, mother's oversensitivereactions and emotion-disregard-reactions to negative emotions significantly predicted adolescent's difficulties in emotion regulation. The mother's reactions to negative emotions significantly predicted adolescent's difficulties in emotion regulation even after controlling for the effect of the adolescent's temperament. The result suggests that despite the effect of temperament, mother's reactions still play an important role in the emotion regulation of adolescent.