AUTHOR : 박소영,문혁준
INFORMATION : page. 25~45 / 2015 Vol.22 No.3
The purpose of this study was to reveal to what extent child’s characteristics(dispositions) and mother’s characteristics(parenting stress, parenting actions, and smart media addiction) can be used as variables to measure their influences on overuse of smart media among 3-5 year-old children. For investigating the reality of smart media usage, smart media users were categorized as either regular users or high-risk users. Participants consisted of 686 young children from thirteen educational institutions in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. The collected self-report data were analyzed using frequency (percentage), Cronbach’s alpha, cross tab analyses, correlation analyses and comparing two correlation coefficients. The key findings suggested that depending on the children's smart media usage, there were statistically significant differences only among various institutions and household incomes, the start of children’s smart media usage, the average usage time on weekdays and weekends, the person who determines the child’s smart media usage, the person who uses smart media with the child, the existence of guidelines in the household, and the reason for allowing the child to use smart media. Second, a child’s variables and a mother’s variables result of examining the relationship between smart media overuse the mother’s smart media addiction showed the highest positive correlations in the regular user group. Third, the setting of guidelines for parenting actions had the most positive correlations in the high-risk user group. This study provide useful information and data required for the development of smart media over-use prevention programs.